Steroids: Description of the drug

Steroids are synthetic substances that are similar to the male sex hormone testosterone. They are commonly used to treat a variety of medical conditions, including asthma, arthritis, and certain types of cancer. However, steroids are also abused by some athletes and bodybuilders to enhance performance and muscle growth.

Types of steroids

There are two main types of steroids:

  1. Corticosteroids: These steroids are used to treat inflammatory conditions such as asthma and arthritis.
  2. Anabolic steroids: These steroids are often misused by athletes and bodybuilders to increase muscle mass and improve athletic performance.

How do steroids work?

Steroids work by binding to specific receptors in cells and altering gene expression. This can lead to increased protein production and muscle growth, as well as decreased inflammation and immune response.

Side effects of steroids

While steroids can be effective in treating certain medical conditions, they also come with a range of potential side effects, including:

  • Acne
  • High blood pressure
  • Mood swings
  • Insomnia
  • Weight gain


Are steroids safe to use?

When used as prescribed by a healthcare professional, steroids can be safe and effective for treating certain medical conditions. However, misuse of steroids can lead to serious health risks.

Can steroids be addictive?

Yes, steroids can be addictive, especially when misused for non-medical purposes. Prolonged use of steroids can lead to physical and psychological dependence.